thyroid is a butterfly shaped endocrine gland situated in front of trachea on lower part of neck,which secrete thyroxines and calcitonin which play crucial role in the mental and physical well being and homeostasis of the system.
WHAT ARE THYROID DISORDERS?
Thyroid being an endocrine gland of complex structure and intricate hormone synthesis mechanisms ,is prone to auto immune attack,inherent enzyme deficiency for hormone synthesis ,iatrogenic trauma due to drugs .The consequences are dysfunction of the gland- hypo or hyper functioning gland produces a wide clinical spectrum .Apart from functional disorders thyroid can be the seat of malignancy -most commonly papillary carcinoma.- either primary or mestatic tumours.
common thyroid disorders:
postpartum autoimmune thyroiditis
-medullary carcinoma thyroid
what is hypothyroidism and what is the risk?hypo functioning thyroid produces comparatively low amount of thyroxines and hence affects the body and mind badly.The symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain,oedema,hair loss,weakness,amenorrhoea or scnty menstruation,myalgia,coarse thick skin,depressive mood,forgetfulness ,cold intolerance,diminished reflexes,hoarsenessbradycardia,peripheral neuropathy .myxoedema is extreme hypothyroidism which can lead to myxoedema coma and myxoedema madness.
major causes of hypo thyroidism?
iatrogenic :antithyroid drugs - carbimazole,propylthiouracil
psychiatric drugs like lithium compounds
blog will be continued